不知道是不是身體的高道德基因作祟
艾吉非常討厭 可以說是幾近缯恨"惡意不誠實的人"  (當然無傷大雅的欺騙可以接受)
剛好作了一篇topic有關學術上僄竊 分享給大家
 
                              Academic Cheating
 

Thinking:

  1. If you need an impossible score to enter the school and somebody says that he can help you to cheat the examination without being caught, what will you do when you know that this method is really perfect?
  2. A famous company talked to you that it could give the position you dreamed for a long time, but you needed to create an idea as their indications. Actually, you realize that is impossible for you to do that, but you find some ideas in the Internet. Will you use the ideas or modify them to be your report after you inquire the manager of the company who didn’t know those Internet ideas?

Reading:

OSU Could Revoke Degrees Under Anti-Cheating Policy

STILLWATER, Okla. (AP) _ Oklahoma State University's anti-cheating campaign has been expanded to allow for the revocation of diplomas from graduates later found to have cheated. The new policy, drafted by the OSU Faculty Council, allows for students to appeal to an advisory committee, before the matter is forwarded to the president and then regents for action. Interim President Marlene Strathe said OSU Regents can rescind degrees if they find a graduate substantially cheated on an assignment.

The university launched its anti-cheating campaign last spring, aimed to curb academic dishonesty by implementing the ``F-shriek,'' a grade of F followed by an exclamation point. The F-shriek can go on transcripts of students who fail a class because of cheating on an exam or major assignment, which lets employers and parents know why they failed.

Students aren't necessarily more dishonest these days, Timothy Dodd, director of The Center for Academic Integrity at Duke University said, but technology especially the Internet has made it easier to cheat.

Strathe said she hopes a diploma is never revoked, but this gives due process to students accused of cheating.

Cases at other universities have involved graduate students who plagiarized much or all of their thesis or dissertation lengthy documents in which plagiarism can be difficult to detect quickly.

Since the F-shriek policy went into effect one year ago, more than 20 students have gotten the punitive mark on their transcripts. Most have taken steps to get the exclamation mark removed: taking a noncredit course and having no further violations.    (http://www.kotv.com/news/local/story/?id=126745 )

Discussion:

  1. How is the effect of the academic cheating?  Please, think both advantage and disadvantage?
  2. Is the method useful to prevent graduate students from cheating? Could you provide other ways to solve this problem?

網路抄襲風 有「字」一同多

網路時代,學生找資料、寫報告e化,連抄襲也e化,「複製、貼上、傳送」,方便無比。面對e化抄襲歪風,老師各出招數,有的重視隨堂筆記,或要求學生交手寫作業,「就算是抄別人的,也得付點勞力!」

世新大學社會心理學系助理教授蘇碩斌說,學生不只在網路下載資料,有的還廣徵報告寫手。他曾收到不同學生寫的雷同報告,連錯的地方都一樣,顯現學生複製資料後,看都不看就出手。現在他發現報告文句筆調不一、脈絡不通,或超出學生合理的知識能力時,就去google或碩博士論文網搜尋,往往「賓果」。

中原通識教育中心陳小姐也說,以前她在研究所當老師課程助理時,工作之一就是負責「抓」學生有無抄襲,並附上網址。曾有學生被老師抓包,還強詞否認,直到老師秀出網址才認罪。至於同一主題兩三份作業類似的,更多。

也有不少學生上Yahoo!奇摩知識+徵代寫作文、數學解答,奇摩曾因此要求不得代寫作業。Yahoo!奇摩公關主任許卉妃說,曾有大學生來貼問題,結果回答問題的是老師,交作業逮個正著,吃了個大鴨蛋。

面對學生抄襲e化亂象,蘇碩斌規定,大一報告一律用手寫,就算是找槍手寫,自己也得花心力重謄一遍,「總要付點代價」。他說,壞習慣一定要從大一就遏止,「否則大四還得了!」就他所知,已有不少老師也這麼規定,「手抄後至少還有印象。」

重視學生個人感想的文學院,也有不少老師要求交手寫作業。政大新聞系畢業的黃同學回憶,英語系專任講師伍軒宏就要求手寫,「不用長,但一定要是自己的想法」,免得同學只顧抄,培養不出主見。

中研院資訊科學研究所兼任研究員謝清俊在校教課時,則要求學生交隨堂筆記,分數占評分標準一半。雖然動機不盡然是為了防止學生抄襲,但高度個人化的筆記絕對抄不來,學生必須寫出自己的心得、疑問。

蘇碩斌指出,其實學術「引用」何嘗不是抄襲,重點是要註明出處,也才能確認是否用對好的資料。怕的就是學生亂抄一通又不註明出處,不但不守最基本的學術倫理,更可能無法分辨資料正確好壞,喪失獨立求知能力。

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